Session 29- Kudhitametti step 6

Kudhitametti step 6,another longer variation, can be looked upon as an extension to step one where one more range of hand movement is added . The new movement is upwards.

Lets watch the simplified animation…

Start Position: araimandi with hands stretched in katakamukham

  1. Thai-ha: Take both your hands above your head and cross them in alapadmam symetrically. One set of jump and down execution of the feet. You may face up.
  2. Tai-he : One set of jump and down execution of the feet accompanied by the closing of the alapadmam in both hands to katkamukhams in the previous position. Face still up.
  3. Tai – ha: For this ” Jump and heel down” movement of the feet, open and stretch both your hands out at shoulder level into (uttanam) alapadmams. The student may turn and face the right hand at this point. (as in step 1)
  4. Tai-he: For this ” Jump and heel down” motion of the feet , the fingers close back into katakamukham as in the start position. Face front. (as in step 1)
  5. Tai – ha: For the next ” Jump and heel down” motion of the feet, the hands are crossed in avahita (Crossing alapadmams) in front of the chest. The student bends at her waist to the right. (as in step 1)
  6. Tai-he:For this ” Jump and heel down” movement of the feet, open your hands out from the starting position into (uttanam) alapadmams. The student may turn and face the right hand at this point. (as in step 1)
  7. Thai ha: Repetition of movement in stage 3 .Now again open and stretch your hands out at shoulder level into (uttanam) alapadmams. The student may turn and face the right hand at this point. . One set of jump and down execution of the feet. Face the right hand.
  8. Tai-he: Repetition of movement in stage 4. For the last of this ” Jump and heel down” motion of the feet , the fingers close back into katakamukham as in the start position. Face front.

For the left side of this step, mirror the movement to the left but, the student bends to her left on sequence no.5 and 6.

Now lets try practicing with the audio

Learning Tip: The hand movement for this step can be traced as follows:-
Up, side, front and side

The other stylistic variations in kudhitametti include using the tirupathakam and moving it vertically in an arc from above the head to being parallel to the knee. Have you ever seen this variation?

With this we conclude our session in Kudhitametti .

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Session 28- Kudhitametti step 5

KM5Kudhitametti steps 5 and 6 are the longer ones which use up 8 sets of Tai-ha, tai-he syllables for a complete execution on the right and the left. This can be a test to the student’s stamina and pain tolerance initially.

Step 5 has the hands drawing an approximate arc of 270 degrees.

Start Position: Fig 1, araimandi with hands stretched in katakamukham

  • Thai-ha: Turn torso and reach the right hand just in front of the left as in fig 2. Open it in uttana alapadmam. One set of jump and down execution of the feet.Face left
  • Tai-he : One set of jump and down execution of the feet accompanied by the closing of the right alapadmam to katkamukham in the previous position as in fig 3. Face left
  • Tai- Ha: Now move the right hand in an arc above the head and stretch in alapamam as in fig 4. One set of jump and down execution of the feet. Face upwards.
  • Tai-he: One set of jump and down execution of the feet accompanied by the closing of the right alapadmam(above) to katkamukham in the previous position as in fig 5.Face upwards.
  • Thai ha: Now move the right hand down in an arc and stretch in alapamam towards the right at the shoulder level as in fig 6. One set of jump and down execution of the feet. Face right
  • Tai-he: One set of jump and down execution of the feet accompanied by the closing of the right alapadmam(on the right side) to katkamukham as in fig 7.Face right.
  • Thai ha: Now move the right hand in by bending at the elbow( You will reach position9) and stretch in alapamam towards the left knee and bend at you waist to the right as in fig 6. One set of jump and down execution of the feet. Face the outstretched left hand.
  • Tai-he: One set of jump and down execution of the feet accompanied by the bringing the right hand and placing it in katkamukham at the chest level as in fig 9. Face front.

We have completed the right side of the step starting the hand movement from the left, up, right and down.

For the left side of this step, mirror the movement to the left. So it would involve the opening and closing of the left hand in alapadmam and katakamukham starting from right, up, left and down.

Now lets try practicing with the audio

Session 27- Kudhitametti steps 2,3 and 4

KM2,3,4

We will be practising the 2nd , 3rd and 4th steps in Kudhitametti today. Can you figure them out yourselveslooking at the pictures? Did you give it a try? Ok If you didn’t here are the explanations.
Step 2 (ref Fig 1 an 2)

Start Position: Fig. 2 (Araimandi with katakamukham at chest level)

  • Thai-ha: Turn your torsos and stretch the right hand back in uttana alapadmam as in fig 1(One jump and down movement of feet)
  • Thai -he: Turn back straight with the right hand brought back in katakamukham.
  • Repeat the movement to the right once more (A total of two times)
  • After completing the right, repeat the movement to the left twice for 2 sets of Thai- ha-Thai-he

Step 3 (ref. fig. 3 and 4)

Start Position: Fig. 4 (Araimandi with katakamukham at chest level on the right and the left hand stretched in katakamukham or pathakam at the shoulder level)

  • Thai-ha: bend at your waist to your right and stretch the right hand alapadmam near the opposite, left knee as in fig 3.(One jump and down movement of feet)
  • Thai -he: Turn back straight with the right hand brought back in katakamukham.
  • Repeat the movement to the right once more (A total of two times)
  • After completing the right, repeat the movement to the left twice for 2 sets of Thai- ha-Thai-he.

Step 4: This step is similar to the the previous step 3, but here both the hands move in unison.

Start Position: Fig. 2 (Araimandi with katakamukham at chest level)

  • Thai-ha: bend at your waist to your right and stretch both the right hand alapadmam near the opposite, left knee. The figure 3 shows the movement executed to the left. Now you will mirror figure 3(One jump and down movement of feet)
  • Thai -he: Turn back straight with the hands brought back in katakamukham as in fig. 2
  • Repeat the movement to the right once more (A total of two times)
  • After completing the right, repeat the movement to the left twice for 2 sets of Thai- ha-Thai-he.

Now lets try practicing these steps with the audio.

Click to play audio

Session 26- Kudhittametti Step 1

Lets watch the synchronized movements of the hands and feet in the first step of Kudhittametti in our animation…

Let’s carefully go through the sequence…

Start Position: Araimandi with hands stretched out in katakamukham.

  1. Tai – ha: For this first of the ” Jump and heel down” movement of the feet, open your hands out from the starting position into (uttanam) alapadmams. The student may turn and face the right hand at this point.
  2. Tai-he: For the second ” Jump and heel down” motion of the feet , the fingers close back into katakamukham as in the start position. Face front.
  3. Tai – ha: For the third ” Jump and heel down” motion of the feet, the hands are crossed in avahita (Crossing alapadmams) in front of the chest. The student bends at her waist to the right.
  4. Tai-he:For the fourth ” Jump and heel down” motion of the feet, the hands are closed and crossed in katakavardhanam in front of the chest.

Then the movement is mirrored to the left. For the left, the student bends to her left on sequence no.3.

Let’s practice this with our audio.

Session 25- Kudhittametti the Jumping steps

While our previous set of adavus the mardhita has all sorts of stylistic variations, Kudhittametti is more or less a set of adavus where there is a lot of conformity.

“Kudhita”, means to jump and “mettu”,means to strike the floor with the heel while the toes are already in contact with the floor.

While looking at the feet movements are positions we come accross the Kudhittu position (obviously) . This Kudhittametti movement itself is associated with the following terms in the ancient texts :-

  • Udhgattita: Natyasashtra describes this movement as “the dancer stands on the forepart of the feet and then lets the heel fall on the ground.”
  • But Sangita ratnakara uses a specific term called Ghatitothsedham/Katitosedham

Let’s watch the footwork of Kudhittametti in this animation:-

All the steps in this set of adavus use the same footwork, only the hand gestures vary. It is important to retain one’s araimandi and stability while executing the jump itself.

Facts about Kudhittametti

  • Position; Araimandi
  • Hand Gestures: Alapadmam, katakamukham, a few styles use the tirupathakam also.
  • Foot movements: Kudhittu, utghaditham /gatithosedham
  • Sollukattu: Tai- ha-tai-hi

It is important to get the footwork commited to memory before we procced to using the hands. This can be a little tricky since, this set of adavus uses one movement of the hand for each two executed movements of the feet.

Once you get the legs right you will finish this set in a jiffy.

Teaching/learning tip: For younger kids it helps easy learning if you did say jump-down -jump-down and so forth, especially, when they are learning to put together the hand and foot movements together .

Let’s now practice this with the audio

We will look at the first step with its hands motions in the next session.

Session 24- Asamyutha Hastas, verse from Abhinaya Darpana

We have learnt (learned) the names and meanings of Asamyutha hatsa in our previous sessions (sessions 8 and 15). Today we will have a theory session with Mr. Santosh Kumar(Please see our about page to know more about him)

Mr.Santosh will be now review the verse on Asamyutha Hasta from the Abinayadarpana. Please notice the three variations of katkamukhams that occur in the demonstration.

Here is the verse for you reference:-

Pathaakas tripathaako Ardhapathaakah: karthareemukhah:

mayooraakhyo ardhachandrascha araalah: shukathuNdakah:

Mushtishcha sikharaakhyascha kapiththah katakaamukhah

soochee chandrakalaa padmakosha sarpashirasthathaa

mrgashirsha simhamukhah kangulascha alapadmakaha

chathuro bhramarashchaiva hamsaasyo hamsapakshakaha

sandamsho mukulaschaiva thamrachooda thrishoolakaha

Session22- Mardhita Step 8

Lets look at the last variation in Mardhita/Paraval . This step involves the movement in the form of the alphabet “V”.

The hastas used include the katakamukham, alapadmam and dola.

The notable feet positions and movements include : Araimandi,Kudittu position, agratala sancharam, naatu, thaditham and chankramanam Chari. We have studied all these in earlier sessions.

Let’s watch the animation…

Now for the analysis of the movement flow

Start Position: Aramandi with the right hand in Katkamukham at the chest and left hand in dola

  • Ta: Jump on toes in Kudhittu position in the start position
  • Tai :
    • The right feet is placed in naatu/anjitham slightly to the right in a diagonal fashion. After a firm placement of the heels the toes follow in a quiet taditham. The Chakramanam chari is used and so the student needs to fold at his/her knees to while doing this step.
    • The right hand is stretched down in uttanam alapadmam, parallel to the right stretched feet and hence begins moving upwards.
    • The torso bends at the waist to enable the hands to reach the floor.
  • Tai:
    • Now the left leg is placed in naatu crossing over the right, make the movement more pronounced to the right. (Chakramanam chari)
    • The right hand moves a little higher , say at around the shoulder level.
    • The torso now follows the movement of the right hand.
  • Ta:
    • Now stretch the right leg flat on the floor towards your right corner. The left feet does not move, but is flexed to lift up the heels, being rooted to the floor on toes.
    • The right hand is stretched above to the front,at an angle of 45 degrees to the shoulder.
    • The waist stretches in proportion to the stretch of the right hand.
    • look at your stretched katakamukham

From then on we move back wards to our start position for 4 counts:

  • Di :

    • Jump in kudhittu positon bringing the left leg front in line with the right. Please make sure this movement is in araimandi.
    • Hands as in previous position
    • Torso straightened.
  • Tai:
    • Now start walking backwards with the left feet, placing the toes first and then the heel
    • The right hand now starts reversing the upward curve it started during the last 4 counts. the hand is now brought down in uttana alapadmam, stretched at say slightly above the shoulderline and continues it descent downwards.
  • Tai:
    • The right feet is then placed behing the left (on its toes).
    • The right hand is stretched down in aplapadmam
    • The waist bends forward to enable the hand to reach the floor.
  • Ta:
    • Now the left leg is brought back and tapped in line with the right and the student sits is aramandi.
    • The right hand is bent at the elbow and placed in katakamukham in front of the chest.

    Once this is completed, change your left hands into katakamukham at chest levels, and the right into a dola.

  • For the next 8 counts, mirror the movement in left. Pictures will be provided shortly to enhance understanding.

Let’s try practicing with the audio

Training/Learning Tip

You could learn this step easily by saying

  • For Right side:
  • Jump, R, L, stretch
  • Jump , L, R, Sit
  • For Left Side
  • Jump, L, R, Stretch,
  • Jump , R, L, Sit
  • Mardhita/Paraval adavu is a set of adavus that lend itself to a lot of creativity, hence you would notice a lot of variation in this set among the different Bharathanatyam styles(or Pani as it is termed) and even within a style.

    Here is link of the paraval adavu in Kalakshetra style, from the instruction video by Jayalakshmi Eshwar featured on the You Tube.